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When ECDIS is being used for navigation, it must: i) be type approved, ii) be maintained to the latest applicable International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) standards, iii) use official Electronic Navigational Charts (ENC), and iv) have an adequate, independent back-up arrangement.

Type approval of ECDIS Type approval is the certification process that ECDIS equipment must undergo before it can be considered as complying with the IMO Performance Standards for ECDIS.

If the check highlights a problem, accompanying guidance notes offer suggested courses of action.

The check dataset and accompanying instructions can be downloaded from the IHO website at: int/srv1/index. option=com_content&view=article&id=585:n ews&catid=166:1news-links&Itemid=828 . Carriage of official Electronic Navigational Charts Ships using ECDIS for navigation must carry Electronic Navigational Charts (ENC, which are official vector charts) or, where ENC data has not been published, Raster Navigational Charts (RNC, which are scanned, geo-referenced images of official paper charts).

This information is cross-checked by the PSC inspectors against entries made in the ships deck log book.

Compliant ECDIS As per SOLAS Chapter V Regulations 18 and 19, for a ship to rely on ECDIS for navigation, the ECDIS installation must conform to the relevant IMO Performance Standards (as specified in Resolution A.817(19) (Performance Standards for ECDIS), as amended by MSC.232(82)).

The back-up ECDIS must be loaded with relevant ENCs and the voyage plan before commencement of the voyage.

Guidance on ECDIS for ships As mandatory carriage of ECDIS will be phased in from 1 July 2012 , ship operators and navigating officers of ECDIS fitted ships are encouraged to take this guidance into account.

Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate (Form E) Details of a ships navigational systems and equipment are recorded in Section 3 of Form E (Record of equipment - Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate).

ECDIS Data Presentation and Performance Check dataset IHO has produced an ECDIS Data Presentation and Performance Check dataset that allows mariners to check some important aspects of the operation of their ECDIS.

This dataset contains two fictitious ENC cells which navigating officers can load into their ECDIS units to determine if the latest software is installed and if the units are operating optimally.

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